By giving Carnegie
The art of speaking public of Dale Carnegie, with J.B. Issenwein sitting on her reading list?Take the best ideas from the book with this quick summary.Spiders, heights, public speech.Each world has its phobias.But even if you prefer to cross a tightrope between two skyscrapers, full of spiders to pronounce a speech in front of an audience, speaking in public should not be so scary in this summary of the book we will explain how to speak in public is a matter of practice.The principle may seem uncomfortable, but the only way to overcome this discomfort is to dive properly. With practice and exposure, the rest is easy.In fact, dominating oratory art can be a fun and rewarding company.Of course, there may be a lot of practice involved, but in the end, the successful public depends on being sincere and believing in the subject it presents.This book summary will provide a variety of useful tips, from how to overcome the fear of the stage to how to establish an audience, with which to help increase its sincerity and belief.In this summary, it will also do so.learn:
- How to establish an audience is similar to the construction of a fire
- Why can't you hit a tree branch in the trunk of another tree?
- What public speakers and basketball players have in common
Do you remember to learn to swim?You bought a book, you studied a guide on the art of swimming, and only after filling your head with a lot of effort, you put your swimsuit with confidence and submerged without fear in the body of water below with perfect execution?Most likely you don't remember it, but you probably have learned to swimnadar.There was also a lot of confusion and water in the nose before you could master it.Why take it out?Well, dominating public discourse can be like learning to swim.The only way to become a qualified speaker is to give speeches.Do this, you have to immerse yourself in the punctual proverbial.At first, you will be nervous about being in front of an audience.But do not worry;Many great speakers are nervous when you take the stage, British statesman William Gladstone for the American cleric Henry Ward Beecher.Being a qualified speech donor is not to be brave;It's about having control over your fear.There are three techniques to help you do this.The first is to forget the feelings of self -control., becomingsubjectIf you are completely focused on the message you want to say, there is less space for silly concerns about your appearance or perception.Give yourself to your speech content, and worries about being on stage should disappear.In addition, it is importantI have something to say.The reason why some speakers fail is that they move to the unprepared stage.If you have not prepared any material or practiced, you will probably feel insecure and nervous at this time.To avoid this, try to memorize at least the first lines of your speech as a starting point.Wait for success.This does not mean that it should be too safe and conceited.Immediately, imagine that it is fine, maintaining its humility, not a submissive humility, but an energy humility, an openness to improvement.willingBe successful instead of judging yourself.After making your first speeches.You may feel that you are drowning instead of swimming, but keep practicing, and will soon float together.
Imagine you are a successful pianist.It can be playing your songs or a famous composition, and there will still be several ways to interpret music.You can change the rhythm, touch slowly or quickly, or with flowers or uniformity.There are no rigid rules when it comes toasA musical piece should be reproduced.This idea also applies to public speaking.There are innumerable ways to make a successful speech, but before it flourish, you must understand the basic concepts.Enemy.imagine interprets a famous Bach concert only in a key.Innate naivety can prevent your performance from being monotonous.So how can you avoid falling in love with him?Well, that means that you need to equip your public language instrument with a variety of new notes.The first key (word game) to make a dynamic speech is to useemphasis.A basic way to interrupt the emphasis on your speech is to emphasize important words.For example, observe the following phrases: "Destiny is not a matter of chance. It is a matter of choice."What would be the best way to emphasize this?Form for your audience?Instead of each word, you can emphasize the word "destiny" because it is the subject.Therefore, you can emphasize the word "no" to highlight denial.And "chance" can use the emphasis, because it is juxtaposed with the central word of the next sentence, "choice."In addition, the emphasis does not always mean saying something at a higher volume.If you are already speaking out loud, you can whisper, or if you have a higher tenor voice, you can make a bass at a low point for that purpose.Change of toneIt is the technique of the first chave that can be used to emphasize the central idea of a speech.Change the rhythmmiPausando.In the daily conversation, people naturally speak faster when they talk about exciting events and speak slower to offer important news.And we often take a break from telling stories for a dramatic effect.Shortly after, say a significant word or phrase.You can speak more quickly in the first and less significant part of a prayer and then reduce crucial words.The keys of your instrument are now yours to use.This instrument still depends on deciding.
Imagine that there are two speakers who give an anti -written speech in emancipation prior to the processing of the United States. One is a white politicslaves and just saw his son sold before his eyes. What a speaker do you think he will have a more exciting speech? Well, it is not difficult to discover. These women have given many speeches about US history: the slave black mothers who speak openlyabout the inhumanity of slavery. These women had no formal training to speak in public, but had something that training cannot provide: the strength of feeling. Our feelings and emotions guide us throughout life.Why do we choose soft beds or drink cold water? It is not always logical and rational; sometimes it looks good. Any that wants to dominate the oratory should consider this. Dismerge the passion in itss listeners, if only momentarily, can do more work to conquer them than hours of logical and rational argument. This is even clearer with an advertising experience of a New York watchmaker. He had two advertising campaigns: one that emphasized the resources of aClock, including durability, functionality and design, and another that said that having the clock would bring pleasure and pride, with the slogan: "A clock to be proud." It is not surprising that the second campaign has worked better and sold theDouble watches with this advertisewalk intoThe topic.What does that mean?Well, think of the work an actor does to become a character.It doesn't matter what you're talking about, you mustbecomeWhat are you talking about?becomingWhat he says and transforms into his subject.To do this, you can create emotion and interest in your listeners.
Imagine that you have an apple in your backyard that is twisted, stunted and without leaves.What are you gonna do about it?And if you could go to your garage, take a chainsaw, see branches of another apple next to each other and then preach them in the tree trunk and pretend they are yours?If only horticulture obstacles were so easy!Gesture.When someone is making a speech, their movement and gesture must come from real emotions and experiences while occupying the issue of speech.The gesture is born from true feeling, but it can still practice it and improve it.You can not prepare all the little gestures in your speech, because you must adapt to the occasion and appear elrganically when you speak.It is enough to see a talented speaker to make the same speech twice and observe how the delivery to the delivery changes.But this organic approach does not always mean good performance.Sometimes it can be strange or repetitive.Make them more effective gestures, observe themselves to talk about a mirror.It seems strange and adjusted.Effective gestures are like a good pronunciation: with more practice comes less thought.emerge spontaneously when you want.In addition to this, remember that excess management can be disturbing.If you observe, you also eliminate all unnecessary gestures.In addition, make sure they correspond to your message.It would be strange for a long time before gesturing or not corresponding to its rhythm.It is also clear that facial expression is also a gesture! And being used to show your enthusiasm and spirit.After sufficient practice, you can trust its meaning and intuition to obtain gestures.When the theme of his speech is his guide, he can let his gestures as powerful as his words.
What do basketball players and public speakers have in common?Yes, both need to act in front of a crowd, but there is more: they have to be in excellent cardiovascular conditions!Auditorium, you need a couple of strong lungs.crucial for a powerful and resonant voice.Power your lungs.But if you do not like to run, there is an exercise that you can do to improve your lungs and train to use your diaphragm, which is the best way to absorb a large amount of air.With your hands there, try your fingers to touch.This requires that you squeeze all the air of your lungs.Strong Pulmones is not the only criterion that makes a strong voice: it is also important to relax.You have to open your throat and keep calm.There is a technique that can help with tension and nerves: move the torso in horizontal circles., relax the neck and let your head fall forward.This can open your throat and help release the tension that can squeeze it.To improve the opening of your throat, try to yawn.When he does, his throat opens on his own.Instead of closing your mouth, start talking.You will notice a higher volume and a richer tone.The ability to carry your voice is not achieved only by raising the volume;It is also the location.From a theater you can listen to the paper jester on stage, all if it is placed correctly.A speaker can whisper and make it audible with the correct placement of his voice.This is done by singing your voiceAdvanceYou can practice sustaining your hand in front of your mouth and saying words like "shock", "turn" and "buzz".
Who does not love Chilreando crickets and a starry sky?Imagine that you are camping and want to start a fire and bake some dogs, you have some dry sticks, play randomly, turn on a combination and release in the nearest twig.Yeah.You know something about camping, you may have noticed a defect in this choreography: the arrangement of the bat is important.If you want a healthy fire, you need a pleasant battery for the flame to move from one bat to another. Let's say the speaker is a correspondence and the influence of the discourse is the flame.To illuminate the hearts and minds of their listeners, so he must organize the audience of a way of doing so.So that the influence of his speech can move from one to each.Other.When an audience feels dense, it becomes another crowd, and a crowd is essentially a peaceful crowd.As the social thinker of the nineteenth century, John Ruskin once said, is more likely to "think about infection."What this means is that if the audience becomes more a crowd, opinions will be realized as a cold.In addition to a method to create crowds, join the individual, joining them around shared concerns.Receive your needs, fears and aspirations.If they believe that their concerns are shared mutually, they naturally want to join the people around them.Think about the presentation of a song: after it ends, a person begins to applaud and, in seconds, everyone understands applause.This is contagion.See the story as well: in some autocratic governments, such as the Soviet Union, citizens who are prohibited to meet in public spaces due to the fear of the mentality of the crowd and the infection of ideas.These governments fear that an anti -authoritarian feeling can capture and spread among its population.If you can improve the ability to create a crowd, you can spread your message like Wildfire.
Think of a king who wants to govern the world.This king had the ability to build impenetrable castles.However, this king also had a fatal failure: he could not overthrow the defenses of his enemies.You cannot refute the points against you.If you cannot make the holes in the statements of possible disputes, your claim will be as indisputable as yours.To be an effective speaker, he must be able to build a discussionas well asoverthrow one.Early or posterior, all speech donors find that their opinions are challenged.The author details how to build and demolish arguments effectively.Use a list of questions instead of providing many pros and cons.There are four parts on an argument:The question in discussion, So,the evidence, So,The reasoning,miinferencesThen, there are eight questions (two for each part) that can be used to prove the strength of any argument.Question in discussionAsk if it is declared in clear terms.For example, if an opponent uses the word "gentleman", he asks to verify that the definition of his word corresponds to his.Information, or maybe even the way the argument is formed contains a trap.evidence, ask what experts are being quoted.What makes them an expert?Is your research clear and impartial?According to what facts are declared.reasoning, ask if the facts given can admit adifferentConclusion of what is offered in the argument.inferences, ask first if they are guilty of aIt does not follow-Affress a conclusion that does not follow the evidence.As, ask if all the tests complement each other to draw their inferences.Lembre, it is not just his argument that needs to convey the proof of these questions.To become a double threat.You can be as invincible as the king in the castle, but able to overthrow the strengths of his opponents as well.
The argument is the main basis of any convincing speech.But if a speech is just a chain of logical statements, it will seem soft and will not be shine.It will certainly resist, but who will want to listen?That is why it is important to use the imagination of power when pronouncing a speech.One way to do this is to useFigurative language.For example, perhaps his speech argues that alcoholism can destroy a happy home.He can approach his audience and announce a complaint and then give a long and monotonous list of statistics that prove his point.This can work if your crowd is full of data analysts who loves the facts.But honestly, this approach would put most people to sleep.It is better if you turn on your imagination through figurative language, a story.Of a weekend spree, shouting and hitting their children.That will call the attention of your audience, but it is also still uncomfortable in your minds more than numbers and generalizations.Then, your imagination to create mentalimagesof his speech.This means imagining how your speech will see: imagine an audience, your reactions (positive and negative), the way the room feels, etc.In the gestures you can use, what it is like to deliver it.You can reduce any anxiety when approaching them and also make it smarter for the setbacks that may arise.This will also help remember everything I wanted to play and increase the opportunity to make an attractive delivery.Real, images are what makes a good poem and speaking in public is a kind of poetry.If you have images in mind during your speech, you will stand out and deliver something you want to listen to.